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THE MORAL MODEL is historically the oldest and is less prevalent today.However, there are many cultures that associate disability with sin and shame, and disability is often associated with feelings of guilt, even if such feelings are not overtly based in religious doctrine.Society has no underlying responsibility to make a "place" for persons with disabilities, since they live in an outsider role waiting to be cured.The individual with a disability is in the sick role under the medical model.Under this model, the problems that are associated with disability are deemed to reside within the individual.
One can see the influence of the medical model in disability public policy today, most notably in the Social Security system, in which disability is defined as the inability to work.
For the individual with a disability, this model is particularly burdensome.
This model has been associated with shame on the entire family with a member with a disability.
This is consistent with the role of the person with a disability as sick.
It is also the source of enormous problems for persons with disabilities who want to work but who would risk losing all related public benefits, such as health care coverage or access to Personal Assistance Services (for in-home chores and personal functioning), since a person loses one's disability status by going to work.
Families have hidden away the disabled family member, keeping them out of school and excluded from any chance at having a meaningful role in society.